The Role of Co-Text
Think about the referents in the newspaper headlines above. The same name, Germany, refers to different sets of entities in each of the headlines. Which are they?
Source of the picture: wales.nhs.uk
Being a competent member of a particular community, a reader of the newspaper headlines above will be able to make the right inferences in order to understand that 'Germany' in the first headline refers to a soccer team, in the second headline it refers to the police, and in the third headline the referent is a group of chairpersons and politicians.